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美国荔枝市场分析表

美国荔枝市场分析:

 

Table 1. 

Estimated costs and returns for lychee in Miami-Dade County, FL, 2004.

Category

($)/Acre/Year

($)/Pound

Marketable Yield (5,000 pounds per acre)      
F.O.B. Price in South Florida    

1.75

TOTAL REVENUE

8,750

   
Operating Costs

1,041

   
  Fertilizer

429

   
  Fungicide

260

   
  Herbicide

85

   
  Insecticide

117

   
  Interest on Operating Capital

150

   
Miscellaneous

689

   
  Tree Removal and Site Preparation

8

   
  Tree Replacement

14

   
  Top, Head, and Prune Trees

219

   
  Set Trees

4

   
  Irrigation

135

   
  Mow Middles

80

   
  Gove Work and Hand Labor

229

   
Fixed Costs

1,280

   
  Land Rent*

450

   
  Supervision

176

   
  Overhead

304

   
  Equipment Repairs, Depreciation

350

   
TOTAL PRE-HARVEST COSTS

3,010

 

0.60

Harvest and Marketing Costs

3,375

   
  Pick, Haul, and Pack ($0.50/pound)

2,500

 

0.50

  Sales Charge (@ 10% of $1.75 F.O.B.)

875

 

0.18

TOTAL COSTS

6,385

 

1.28

NET RETURNS (Total Revenue minus Total Costs)

2,365

 

0.47

* Land rent reflects more the returns to agriculture than it does the current price of agricultural lands.

 

Table 2. 

Lychee estimated net returns for various price and yield combinations, South Florida, 2004.

 

F.O.B. Price, Homestead (dollars per pound)

 

$.150

$1.75

$2.00

Yield (pounds per acre)

Returns Per Acre (dollars)

3,000

–460

215

890

5,000

1,240

2,365

3,490

7,000

2,940

4,515

6,090

 

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